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Radiative heat transfer and radiative thermal energy for two-dimensional nanoparticle ensembles

Abstract : Radiative heat transfer (RHT) and radiative thermal energy (RTE) for two-dimensional (2D) nanoparticle en- sembles are investigated in the framework of many-body radiative heat transfer theory. We consider nanoparticles made of different materials: metals (Ag), polar dielectrics (SiC), or insulator-metallic phase-change materials (VO2). We start by investigating the RHT between two parallel 2D finite-size square-lattice nanoparticle ensembles, with particular attention to many-body interactions (MBI) effects. We fix the particle radius (a) as the smallest length scale, and we describe the electromagnetic scattering from particles within the dipole approximation. Depending on the minimal distance between the in-plane particles (the lattice spacing p for periodic systems), on the separation d between the two lattice and on the thermal wavelength λT = h ̄c/kBT, we systematically analyze the different physical regimes characterizing the RHT. Four regimes are identified, rarefied regime, dense regime, non-MBI regime, and MBI regime, respectively. When p ≪ λT , a multiple scattering of the electromagnetic field inside the systems gives rise to a MBI regime. MBI effects manifest themselves in different ways, depending on the separation d: (a) If d > λT , due to the pure intra-ensemble MBI inside each 2D ensemble, the total heat conductance is less affected, and the thermal conductance spectrum manifests a single peak which is nonetheless shifted with respect to the one typical of two isolated nanoparticles. (b) If d < λT , there is a strong simultaneous intra-ensemble and inter-ensemble MBI. In this regime there is a direct quantitative effect on the heat conductance, in addition to a qualitative effect on the thermal conductance spectrum, which now manifests a new second peak. As for the RTE, to correctly describe the radiation emitted by metallic nanoparticles, we derive an expression of the Poynting vector including also magnetic contribution, in addition to the electric one. By analyzing both periodic and nonperiodic ensembles, we show that the RTE emitted by a single 2D nanoparticle ensemble is sensitive to the particle distribution. As instance, we see that the RTE emitted by 2D concentric-ring-configuration ensemble has an inhibition feature near the center of the ensemble.
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Minggang Luo, Junming Zhao, Linhua Liu, Mauro Antezza. Radiative heat transfer and radiative thermal energy for two-dimensional nanoparticle ensembles. Physical Review B: Condensed Matter (1978-1997), American Physical Society, 2020, 102, pp.024203. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.102.024203⟩. ⟨hal-02908106⟩

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