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A contribution to 1D Modeling of Diesel Sprays and Combustion

Abstract : Diesel engines are largely used in automotive propulsion due to their elevated efficiency. The most important pollutant emissions of diesel engines are NOx and particulate matter (in the case of conventional Diesel combustion). It is difficult to reduce and control these emissions because reducing one pollutant emission increases the other one. One way to try to achieve reduction in both pollutant emissions is called LTC (Low Temperature Combustion), which can reduce these two pollutants, but other pollutant emissions appear, as CO and HC. One way to achieve LTC conditions is using multiple injections (pilot/main, split injection, etc.). Modeling these injections is particularly complex, mainly due to their interactions.The objective of this thesis is to make a 1D spray model that can simulate multiple injections and the correspondingcombustion in an automobile diesel engine, continuing the work of G. Ma in his thesis defended at LHEEA in 2013,which developed a combustion model based in the 1D Eulerian spray of Musculus and Kattke (inert spray). Acomparison is made of this model and a Lagrangian model (Hiroyasu, Poetsch), which has a pseudo-2D treatment ofthe fuel spray, to evaluate the differences between the approaches and determine the best one suited for the foreseencases.The spray-wall interaction, essential to model the conditions inside an automotive engine, is subject to a bibliographyreview and coarse modeling. A pseudo-2D modeling for the Eulerian model is made, to improve the heat release rateand ignition delay calculation. The validation of these different evolutions is made by comparing the model results withexperimental results obtained from the ECN (Engine Combustion Network) data base, and also with data obtainedfrom the TSM test engines. Specific developments are also introduced to treat the multiple injection case and injectionin a variable geometry combustion chamber (the piston-cylinder system).
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Alejandro Aljure Osorio. A contribution to 1D Modeling of Diesel Sprays and Combustion. Mechanical engineering [physics.class-ph]. École centrale de Nantes, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019ECDN0038⟩. ⟨tel-02449518⟩

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