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Association between moderated level of air pollution and fetal growth: the potential role of noise exposure

Abstract : This study aims to analyze, in a population of singletons, the potential confounding or modifying effect of noise on the relationship between fetal growth restriction (FGR) or small for gestational age (SGA) and environmental exposure to air pollution. All women with single pregnancies living in one of two medium-sized cities (Besançon, Dijon) and who delivered at a university hospital between 2005 and 2009 were included. FGR and SGA were obtained from medical records. Outdoor residential exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO 2) and particulate matter (PM 10) was quantified at the mother's address at delivery over defined pregnancy periods; outdoor noise exposure was considered to be the annual average daily noise levels in the façade of building (L Aeq,24 h). Adjusted odds ratios (OR a) were estimated by multivariable logistic regressions. Among the 8994 included pregnancies, 587 presented FGR and 918 presented SGA. In the two-exposure models, for SGA, the OR a for a 10-µg/m 3 increase of PM 10 during the two last months before delivery was 1.18, 95%CI 1.00-1.41 and for FGR, these OR a were for the first and the third trimesters, and the two last months before delivery: 0.77 (0.61-0.97), 1.38 (1.12-1.70), and 1.35 (1.11-1.66), respectively. Noise was not associated with SGA or FGR and did not confound the relationship between air pollution and SGA or FGR. These results are in favor of an association between PM 10 exposure and fetal growth, independent of noise, particularly towards the end of pregnancy, and of a lack of association between noise and fetal growth.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03240426
Contributor : Théoriser Et Modéliser Pour Aménager (umr 6049) Université de Bourgogne Franche-Comté Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, May 28, 2021 - 9:34:20 AM
Last modification on : Friday, September 24, 2021 - 3:31:19 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, August 29, 2021 - 6:17:36 PM

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Anne-Sophie Mariet, Nadine Bernard, Sophie Pujol, Paul Sagot, Gérard Thiriez, et al.. Association between moderated level of air pollution and fetal growth: the potential role of noise exposure. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 11 (1), pp.11238. ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-90788-1⟩. ⟨hal-03240426⟩

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